Understanding Acne & treatments

Understanding Acne

May 30, 2021 Blog, Skin Treatments Comments Off on Understanding Acne


Breakouts, bumps, pustules, pimples; there are many different words we use to describe acne as it takes on varying forms for each individual. Truth be told, there are many different types of acne — different ways they form, different ways they look and treated with different treatments. Keep on reading to find out more about what type of acne you may have!

First, we will discuss the difference between non-inflammatory acne and inflammatory acne. Non-inflammatory acne, like whiteheads and blackheads, are more common and easier to treat. Inflammatory acne typically requires more serious attention and even the use of prescribed medications. 

  1. Whiteheads are also known as closed comedones, and are the product of clogged pores. This usually happens when dirt and oils get trapped in the pores, leaving white bumps on the top of the skin. However, it is important not to pop or squeeze them as it could leave scarring. It’s definitely best to leave these ones to go away on their own! 

TIP: If you’re considering an ‘Over the Counter’ treatment, salicylic acid is your best friend!

  • Blackheads are, you guessed it, black bumps on the top of the skin. These are considered open comedones, where the head of the pore remains open while the rest is clogged. It’s safer to squeeze these ones out rather than whiteheads, and salicylic acid will definitely work on blackheads too!
  • Papules are pusless red bumps that form on the skin when oil or excess skin cells block your pores, mixing with bacteria; the skin then becomes inflamed. Not to worry, benzoyl peroxide is a great anti-inflammatory. If that doesn’t work for your skin, a dermatologist will be the next best step.
  • Pustules are little inflamed white and red bumps, sore to the touch. They are usually found in clusters and are the result of an infected clogged pore. Because this acne contains pus, it’s better to let a professional drain pustules. Squeezing and popping them won’t work and can actually make this acne worse. The cure? Diligent skin care, topical acne products and time.
  •  Cysts are considered the most severe form of acne and the most difficult to treat. They are very painful and pus-filled breakouts deep under the skin, and can be bright red in colour. Multiple medications, like isotretinoin, or other topical remedies might be necessary to cure cysts.

Our takeaway? Skin Studio recommends that professional guidance is sought out when it comes to figuring out the best treatment for you and your face! 

Contact us at 416-804-7256 for a free skincare consultation today! 

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